JEL Classification: F 22; O 15; R 23
Sardak Sergii, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of Economics and National Economy Management Department, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
Samoilenko Alla, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of Management and Tourism Business Department, Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
FEATURES OF REGIONAL POLICY FORMATION OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REGULATION
Introduction. At the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, there has been an increase of the flow amount of international migrants in the sphere of international economic relations. It has led to the development of a number of problem factors that require timely scientific understanding and resolution. The continuation of this trend in the second decade of the XXI century and the forecast of its further strengthening determined the relevance of this research topic.
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to determine the specifics of the regional policy formation of international migration regulation.
Results. The article considers positive and negative factors of migration impact on migrants and their families, on “countries of importers” and “countries of exporters” of human resources, as well as on the world as a whole.
The study of Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, the United States, Canada, China, Japan, Australia, South Africa determined that the regulation of international migration of the population is carried out at the level of states which, being institutional actors, design and implement their policies through the formation of a regulatory and legal framework field and actions of public authorities.
The study of the specifics of the regional integration associations development of states (NAFTA, MERCOSUR, Andean Community of Nations, CARICOM, EU, CIS, Eurasian Economic Union, BSEC, GUAM, APEC, ECOWAS, SADC, EAS, African Union), testified that considering historical aspects of these countries development as well as their current political, military and social and economic potential, regional policies of international migration regulation in states are specific, but they have similar characteristics due to global trends of the world economy development.
Conclusions. Features of regional policy regulation of international migration are the evidence of a multilevel developmental issue, which on the one hand covers various managerial levels (personal, microlevel, meso level, macrolevel and global level), and on the other hand, a number of influencing factors (problems, threats, risks, challenges and trends). At the same time, the state is the main institution that formally forms and implements the national policy of international migration regulation, which, when implementing regional integration, adapts and unifies it to the requirements of the regional association.
Keywords: international migration, regional policy, regulation, regional association, emigration, immigration.
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