JEL Classification: D20, D51, L23, M11, L86
Haievska Larysa, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Enterprise Economics, Educational and Scientific Institute of Economics, Taxation and Customs, University of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine, Irpin, Ukraine
INSTRUMENTATION OF INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL RESOURCES OF PRODUCTION ORGANIZATION IN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
Introduction. The use of morally and physically obsolete equipment or the use of labor resources of poor quality and suitability leads inevitably to the crisis phenomena of the organization, the failure to overcome it creates the preconditions for bankruptcy. Solving these problems is impossible without the use of information and software resources to ensure the implementation of production and technological processes and the synthesis of different levels of automation of information flows.
Purpose. An objective response to the dynamic development and complication of production processes, the complication of production, financial and organizational links between all the participants in the production process, was the emergence of automated production management systems, which at the time of the development of the information economy were called information resources. The main task of the planning cycle is to obtain adequate plans for the procurement of materials and services from production. In order to do this, you must strictly consider in which technological route the product is manufactured, which materials and services, production capacities are required for each operation, and so on. All these data in the ERP system are consolidated in the unit of regulatory information. Correctly verified guides for products and workplaces, production specifications, and technological maps are the key to successful planning of production in the ERP system. The ERP-system provides the opportunity to balance the power needed to perform operations to optimize job loading. Balancing is done automatically on a model basis. In this case, the compensation of the load-overload of jobs is performed, the optimal scheme is achieved, the appropriate resources are selected. In addition, the system may be configured in such a way that, in case of overloading the workstation, the system will automatically suggest ways to optimize the planning. Upon completion of the planning process, the orders are submitted for execution (purchase, production). The main element of management in this case is a production order, which is a complex structure, which combines all data on planning, warehousing, production, scheduling, accounting and reporting. Production orders are made for the production of certain material in a certain amount, or for the performance of certain work.
Results. Modern ERP-systems are aimed at automating the entire chain of business processes of an industrial enterprise, from procurement and production to product sales and building relationships with customers.
Conclusions. Before the implementation of the ERP-system should evaluate the complexity of such integration, and if the costs (labor, monetary, moral) far exceed the costs of centralized implementation, then such an implementation is inappropriate. The logistics chain of material flows is better to cover at the first stage of implementation, that is, together with production to implement procurement management, sales management, inventory management.
Keywords: information resources, information support, automation of production, industrial standard, information system, ERP-standard.
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