Karpova T., Ph.D., Associate Professor of Finance and Banking Department, Donetsk National University named after Vasyl Stus
SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP AS THE BASIS OF MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL COOPERATION OF BUSINESSAND STATE
Introduction. Nowadays, social partnership becomes increasingly popular. In the conditions of economic crisis it is the most modern and effective way of interaction between the state, society and business. Tools of social partnership help to reduce the budget burden, contribute to the development of infrastructure, raise employment, increase the number of small businesses, improve the quality of goods and services.
The purpose of this article is to define the concept of social partnership as the most important component of modern relations of the state and business, the allocation of its goals, forms, principles, functions and directions of regulation the social and labor relations through social partnership.
Results. Now social partnership has become one of the key mechanisms for regulating social and labor relations. The article reflects the need of studying the category of “social partnership”, toanalyze of which is devoted works of famous scientists and economists. It is given the scientists’ points of view on this category, representatives of government and business in their turn interpret social partnership in different ways. It is presented a model of modern socially-oriented market economy. It is singled out the features of social partnership, its subjects, goals, forms and functions. It is systematized the directions of social and labor relations regulation with the help of social partnership. It is proposed the principles of social partnership and highlighted problems that hamper its development. It is given the data of foreign companies’ research, the connection of their profitability and active social position. It is investigated the functions of socially responsible business and peculiarities in the behavior of the “corporate citizen”. It is designated bodies, that controls relations of social partnership in Ukraine.
We came to the conclusion that business around the world become increasingly aware of the need for socially responsible behavior. In developed countries there are various government programs of supporting and stimulating social partnership and business responsibility. In Ukraine the state should determine the desired behavior of business and government, involve companies of the private and public sectors in the joint implementation of social tasks, develop standards and measures for stimulating the business to socially responsible behavior.
Keywords. business, society, state, social partnership, social responsibility, justice, improvement of living standards.
JEL Classification. А13; D21; D71;H53; J23.
- Nesimko, O. D. (2005), “Concept, essence and main characteristics of economic culture”, Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho yurydychnoho instytutu. Seriia yurydychna, vol. 2, pp. 181-189.
- Maistruk, I. M. (2007), “Economic culture in the conditions of market realities in Ukraine”, Sociology, [Online], available at: http://www.ukr-socium.org.ua/Arhiv/Stati/3.2007/77-90.pdf (Accessed 29 June 2017).
- Kytskai, L. I. (2007), “Economic culture as a component of economic education”, Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut: Filosofiia. Psykholohiia. Pedahohika, vol.3, pp. 43-47.
- Suriak, A. V. (2000), “Influence of economic culture on motivation of labor in the conditions of market transformation”, Oplata pratsi: problemy teorii ta praktyky, pp. 54– 57.
- Shliaikher, A. (2007), “Knowledge economy: why education is key to Europe’s success”, Еkonomyka znanyi : pochemu obrazovanye – kliuch k uspekhu Evropi, vol. 1, pp. 28–43.
- Economy of Higher Education of Ukraine: Trends and Development Mechanisms: Monography (2006), Instytut vyshchoi osvity APN Ukrainy, 208 p.
- Voitov, Y. V. (2009), “Economic culture in the system of nature + human society”, XXI Mezhdunarodnaia studencheskaia konferentsyia. Sbornyk tezysov dokladov.
- Lopatkyn, H. V. (2013), “Economic culture: concept and method”, Hramota, vol. 4(30), pp. 105–108.
- Yefremenko, T. (2006), “Economic culture of the population of modern Ukraine (based on the expert survey)”, Sotsiolohiia: teoriia, metody, marketynh, vol. 4, pp. 174–190.
- Kaleniuk, I. S., Honta, O. I. and Verbovyi, M. P. (2011), “Integration of Higher Education of Ukraine into European and World Educational Space: Economic Dimension: Monography”, Desnianska pravda, 165 p.
- Szablowski, J. (2005), “Private higher education establishments in Europe – the present condition and prospects of development”, Bialystok, 220 p.