|JEL Classification: A13, A14
Stokolos Vlad, student, National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute of Igor Sikorsky”, Kyiv, Ukraine
Unconditional Basic Income as an Instrument of State Social Policy
Annotation. Introduction. The article considers the concept of unconditional basic income in the study of social policy as a state instrument of universal social justice. Considerable attention paid to the prospects for the introduction of unconditional basic income and the implementation of its basic principles into Ukrainian legislation. Various approaches of legal regulations and etymology of social policy in the context of the state security system are considered. Significant emphasis placed on the study of the theoretical challenge of unconditional basic income, namely the study of the functioning of such a mechanism in modern communicative realities. This research is a product of analytics and was created without taking into account the author’s political ideas. Given the recommended amount of research, the issues of unconditional basic income was considered not to be completed.
Purpose. One of the main tasks of the article is to study the mechanism of functioning of unconditional basic income and the possibility of its application in practice. It is also worth giving your own view of the social policy problems. The tasks of the article are to analyze the modern social security system and to suggest options for its improvement.
Results. The theory of unconditional basic income currently has no practical application. Despite a significant number of theoretical experiments, no country in the world uses the instrument of unconditional basic income at the legislative level. Therefore, it is too early to talk about the implementation of this theory of social policy in practice in Ukraine.
Conclusions. Theory of unconditional basic income has a strong intellectual tradition, but the practical application of this instrument of social policy not implemented. Our studies show that such a system promotes the development of human capital and increases the geographical mobility of people. Unconditional basic income creates material support that promotes human development in other spheres of life. However, it was noted that conducting such a social policy requires significant expenditures from the state budget. This creates material barriers for some countries to use unconditional basic income as a tool of social policy.
Keywords: unconditional basic income; social policy; state institutions; legal system.
- Philippe, V. P. (2000). A Basic Income for All. If you really care about freedom, give people an unconditional income. Boston Review. Retrieved from http://bostonreview.net/archives/BR25.5/vanparijs.html.
- Beveridge, W. А. (1942) Beveridge Report. UK parliament. Retrieved from https://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/livinglearning/coll-9-health1/coll-9-health/.
- Jodie, T. A. (2002) Negative Income Tax. Library Economics Liberty Retrieved from https://www.econlib.org/library/Enc1/NegativeIncomeTax.html.
- Hayek, F.A. (2005) Road to slavery. New publishing house (Liberal Mission Foundation Library). 132-133 / ISBN 5 98379 037 4
- Belik, V.A. (2011) Town Without Poverty. The Dominion. Retrieved from http://www.dominionpaper.ca/articles/4100.
- McKay, A.A. (2005) The future of social security policy: women, work and basic income. Rutledge.
- Harper, Lee. (2015). My Christmas in New York. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015 /dec/12/harper-lee-my-christmas-in-new-york
- The Bundestag approved the second package of social assistance through the pandemic (2020). Yevropejs’ka Pravda. Retrieved from https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/news/2020/05/14/7109917/.
Received: 23 September 2020
How to quote this article?
|Stokolos V. (2020). Unconditional Basic Income as an Instrument of State Social Policy. Modern Economics, 23(2020), 211-214. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31521/modecon.V23(2020)-33.|